How structural growth and stable funding anchor Indian and Indonesian financiers' resilience

How big are the non-bank financing markets in India and Indonesia relative to other emerging markets?

Non-bank financial institutions (fincos) support a considerable share of about 26% and 8% of domestic program credit in Indian and Indonesia, respectively. India’s non-bank funding sector is among the largest by total assets of the emerging markets covered by Fitch; industry assets amounted to $670 billion within March 2021 – second in size simply to China. Indonesia’s finco industry is smaller, worth around $30 billion in total assets, but the significance and growth prospects of both geographies are usually underpinned by their fairly large unbanked markets.


India’s unbanked population continues to be the largest globally with around 230 mil despite major advances in banking transmission over the past decade, according to a 2021  World Bank   report. Indonesia’s unbanked population of around 100 mil is also significant.

How do India and Indonesia’s non-bank financing companies perform during the Covid-19 pandemic?

Many fund companies’ core clients were among the most severe hit by motion curbs introduced in order to combat the distribute of the coronavirus. Non-bank lenders in India and Indonesia in many cases are the main source of credit for lower-income and non-salaried individuals in addition to small businesses, whose incomes were more negatively affected by retail closures and movement limitations during the pandemic.


Finance companies were also under pressure from regulators to extend loan forbearance to clients experiencing economic hardship as a result of pandemic-related earnings pressures. These concessionary measures were the lifeline for stressed borrowers, but drastically reduced loan pay back collections for non-bank lenders and crimped their cashflows for several months.


Nonetheless, major financial institutions in both markets were able to maintain sufficient liquidity and profitability with the pandemic. Swift motion by national authorities to shore up system liquidity plus support borrowers played a part in maintaining economic climate stability. In addition , simple leverage and solid backing from bank or corporate shareholders for many Indonesian finance companies, and access to fresh equity capital and strengthened funding and liquidity profiles regarding Indian financiers, placed the lenders in a better position to climate the crisis.


How will the post-pandemic environment affect financing companies’ financial prospective customers?

The market’s hopes for a post-pandemic recovery have been overshadowed by supply-chain bottlenecks and geopolitical dangers. These pressures have got contributed to increasing inflation and stronger monetary policy throughout many markets globally. India and Indonesia are not immune to challenges, but they remain the fastest-growing amongst ‘Fitch 20’ big economies internationally.



Fitch expects India’s domestically-driven economy and robust consumer belief to support credit demand and economic exercise, underpinning real GDP growth of 6% to 7% in 2023 and 2024, respectively. Meanwhile, sustained commodity demand and election-year activity in Indonesia should help support economic growth of around 5% in 2023 regardless of dampeners from the worldwide economic slowdown plus rising policy prices.


We expect buoyant mid-teen mortgage growth for India’s non-bank financing industry, while Indonesia’s financing sector receivables ought to expand at a more moderate single-digit rate. Resilient economic circumstances should help to support steady asset quality, although profitability plus net interest margins will face a few pressure from increased funding costs. We all expect funding circumstances to be sufficient to aid growth in both marketplaces, although emerging markets like India plus Indonesia may be more vulnerable to liquidity volatility as conditions tighten globally.


What are the effects for Indian plus Indonesian finance companies’ ratings?

We anticipate conditions to be largely supportive of finance companies’ ratings in India and Philippines. Entities with lurking stocks of issue loans should experience a broadly favorable environment to recover such exposures or even gradually write them off. This should stay positive for their credit information.


However , ebullient growth plans may signal larger risk appetites plus lead to rising leverage, if growth starts to outstrip organic capital generation. Companies can also be tempted to run straight down liquidity buffers as interest rates rise. Such developments may start to weaken the balance bedding of non-bank loan companies, which would place pressure on their credit profiles.


Fitch’s ratings of non-bank finance companies in Indonesia are mostly underpinned simply by expectations of assistance from stronger institutional owners in times of require, be they parent banks or bigger corporations. The ratings on such entities tend to be less sensitive to the underlying functionality of the financing part, unless the parent’s financial strength or incentives to support the financing arm would be to dim.

What are the prospects regarding fintech and electronic lending among non-bank financing in Indian and Indonesia?

Indian and Indonesia are among the most vibrant markets for digital financing in South and Southeast Asia. This is owing to their significant underbanked markets, rising internet and mobile phone penetration, and prolonged land masses exactly where digital channels may be the most efficient way of reaching borrowers. Nonetheless, problems such as uneven on the web connectivity and unscrupulous actions by unregistered operators will sluggish the take-up of such services.


Nonetheless, authorities are stepping in to regulate and impose better standards and practices within the field. Traditional lenders also are working with digital providers to broaden their own customer reach. Real digital lending remains at a nascent stage in both economies, but we expect electronic distribution to become a lot more widespread for both bank and non-bank lenders.

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