China, India race for 1,000-qubit quantum computers

China, India race for 1,000-qubit quantum computers

The two largest populations in the world, China and India, are in competition with one another by creating their own 1, 000-qubit quantum computers, a task that IBM of the United States will complete this time. & nbsp,

India is a newbie when it comes to producing classical computers, compared to China.

The Indian National Quantum Mission( NQM ), which aims to deliver intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50 – 1, 000 physical qubits by 2031, received funding approval from the US in April of this year. & nbsp,

A joint Indo-US Quantum Coordination Mechanism was established by the US and India in June to promote cooperation between business, education, and government organizations as well as the two nations’ efforts to develop a detailed Quantium Information Science and Technology agreement.

However, a 7-qubit classical machine is still being developed in India by the Defense Research and Development Organization, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and tata Consultancy Services. & nbsp,

The 66-qubit Zuchongzhi 2, which is still the fastest quantum machine in China, was introduced back in May 2021 by Chinese professor Pan Jianwei and his group at the University of Science and Technology of China in Hefei. & nbsp,

Hefei-based quantum machine manufacturer Origin Quantum vowed to surpass the 1, 000-qubit indicate by 2025 in September of the same year. Yet, it has had trouble launching its 72-qubit quantum machine Wukong, which is named after the Monkey King in Chinese mythology, so far this year. Just 24 packets are used in its most recent product, Benyuan Wuyunan, which was released in 2021.

In 2021, Origin Quantum Computing Technology Co introduced a 24 packet quantum laptop called Benyuan Wuyulan. is a picture.

” Wukong’s research and production are still going well for the time being. According to Zhang Hui, public director of Origin Quantum, who recently spoke with the Hefei Daily, it will be formally launched by the end of this year. ” After that, we’ll keep working on building quantum computers with frequencies greater than 72 qubits.”

According to Zhang, Origin Quantum was founded in 2017 with the goal of turning China’s technological advancements into useful goods. He claimed that the business had spent three years attempting to self-supply every component of its materials.

He omitted to go into detail about the challenges the business has encountered during the development of Wukong.

Zhang announced that the business may introduce Wukong by the end of 2022 in September of last year. He stated that the release did take place in July this year in June. However, the business missed both schedule. & nbsp,

US censorship

In order to stop the Chinese government from using these products, especially in the production of hypersonic rockets and artificial intelligence tracking systems, the Biden state outlawed exports of high-end semiconductors, chip-making machinery, quantum computers, and supercomputers to China last October. & nbsp,

US President Joe Biden signed an executive order in August of this year prohibiting US companies and money from investing in China’s silicon, artificial intelligence, and quantum computing industries starting in 2024. & nbsp,

Given that Origin Quantum has not received any unusual funding, it is unlikely that it will be impacted by US investment restrictions. Additionally, the business contracted Nexchip Semiconductor Corp., which is owned by the Hefei government at 52.99 % and Taiwan’s Powerchip Technology at 27.44 %, to produce its superconducing chips. The US trade restrictions and punishment shouldn’t have an impact on the production. & nbsp,

Wukong should be released by Origin Quantum as soon as possible, according to Chinese observers.

According to a Shanxi-based author in an content,” Classical cards have much stronger processing power than traditional transistors.” We can lessen our reliance on high-end printing and self-sustain ourselves once the technology for classical chips is mature.

According to him, this development may include proper implications for the chip industry’s global supply chain. He claims that the Mate60 Pro from Huawei’s successful launch has already demonstrated that China is unafraid of modern and containment from other nations. & nbsp,

In the meantime, Origin Quantum is creating uses for its classical computers.

Vice President of Origin Quantum Dou Meng announced to the internet on Tuesday that the company would look into using its quantum computers to analyze health information.

According to Dou,” Classical technology has an edge in handling graphics.” ” We used our self-developed algorithm to handle tumor patients’ photos provided by Anhua’s Bengbu Medical College and effectively reduced the consumption of traditional processing power to explore the programs in health information analysis.”

India is catching up.

The 433-qubit Osprey, the country’s fastest quantum machine to date, was introduced by IBM in November. The 1, 121-qubit Condor was scheduled to be introduced by the tech behemoth this year.

a classical computer’s specifications. Image: IBM

A quantum system can have more than 50 scientific or functional qubits, according to some engineering experts, which is enough to perform various calculations and generate business value. & nbsp,

In order to help professional and business markets with top, like-minded classical nations, the US announced on June 22 that it welcomes India’s contribution in the Quantum Entanglement Exchange and the classical Economic Development Consortium.

Biden and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced at a meeting on September 8 that they would advance scientific cooperation in fields like quantum computing, biology, and place inquiry. In addition, & nbsp,

According to a Ganzu-based columnist, India’s NQM, which covers quantum computing as well as particle communication, classical perception, surveying, and classical materials and devices, may not be able to use the US$ 730 million in revenue.

He claims that China is far behind India in terms of its classical communication research, which will consume a sizable portion of the funding. & nbsp,

Read: The US is also far behind China’s fastest particle computer.

At & nbsp, @ jeffpao3 is Jeff Pao’s Twitter account.