NCRB: Story of crimes against Indian women in five charts

NCRB: Story of crimes against Indian women in five charts
A protest against gender crimes Getty Images

In his address to the nation upon India’s 75th birthday celebration last month, Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for a “change in the mentality” toward women and asked people to fight misogyny.

“A distortion has crept within our conduct and we at times insult women. May we take a promise to get rid of this in our behaviour, ” he or she suggested, urging individuals to ” have a pledge to get rid of everything that humiliates women in daily life”.

It was not the first time Mister Modi had talked about gender equality plus respect for women.

In the first Independence Time speech as best minister in 2014, he had condemned rapes in India saying “when we all hear about these rapes, our heads hang in shame”.

After eight yrs under his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government, data demonstrates crimes against females remain unabated.

The numbers show a consistent year-on-year rise, except in 2020 – the year once the Covid-19 pandemic hidden India and a difficult lockdown forced the nation to shut down for months. Experts say additionally, it impacted data collection.

In the year 2021 – for which the government released crime data last week – India recorded the highest amount of crimes against women ever.

Active supporters and workers say the rising graph is an issue of serious worry, but authorities state it’s because there’s much better reporting now and much more people are going to the law enforcement to register cases.

All of us mined the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) reports for the past six years in order to distil the data regarding crimes against ladies and here’s what we found, in five charts.

The rising graph

Total crimes against women

Of the six million crimes that will police in India recorded between 1 January and 31 December last year, 428, 278 cases included crimes against ladies.

It’s a rise of 26. 35% over six years — from 338, 954 cases in 2016.

A majority of the cases in 2021, the particular report said, had been of kidnappings and abduction, rapes, domestic violence, dowry fatalities and assaults.

Also, 107 ladies were attacked along with acid, 1, 580 women were trafficked, 15 girls were sold and 2, 668 women were victims of cybercrimes.

With more than 56, 1000 cases, the north state of Uttar Pradesh, which is India’s most populous with 240 million individuals, once again topped record.

It was then Rajasthan with 40, 738 cases plus Maharashtra with 39, 526 cases.

The rape capital

India rapes

Last year, police documented 31, 878 rapes – the figures show a large rise from the prior year (28, 153), but compared to the 39, 068 women who were raped in 2016, they show a decline of 18%.

With hundreds and hundreds of rape cases reported annually, India has earned the name “the rape capital of the world”.

A possibility because India is definitely an exception – numerous countries report similar or higher numbers of rapes.

But experts say the tour’s largest democracy will get a bad name due to the way the sufferers and survivors are usually treated – these are stigmatised by the society , and often shamed by the law enforcement and judiciary too.

Most recently, a Muslim woman who was gang-raped and saw 14 members associated with her family killed by Hindu nearby neighbours during the 2002 Gujarat riots spoke of the girl “searing pain ” after her rapists were freed from jail.

The story of the unfair therapy Bilkis Bano obtained made global head lines, reinforcing the watch that India is frequently unkind to its women.

Taken away

The latest data records 76, 263 kidnappings and abductions of women – up 14% from 66, 544 in 2016.

Some of the crime was connected to murder, ransom and a lot of were trafficked just for prostitution and household work.

Kidnappings and abductions

But a large majority of the particular kidnapped women — 28, 222 — were taken away in order to “compel her for marriage”.

Experts say many of these cases are false and so are filed by groups of women who elope with their lovers in spite of parental disapproval.

The particular enemy at home

Violence inside the house is mostly recorded beneath the legal term of “cruelty by spouse or his relatives” and it has consistently been the most reported violent crime against women in India.

In 2021, police received complaints from 137, 956 females – which stops working to about one particular every four minutes. It’s an increase associated with 27% from 2016 when 110, 434 women sought police help.

Victims of cruelty by husband or his relatives

This kind of violence is not special to India — the World Health Business says one within three women globally face gender-based violence and the numbers intended for India are similar.

But what sets this apart here is the silence that surrounds in order to, even approval with regard to violence at home.

Over 40% women and 38% men told a recent government survey that will it was okay for a man to beat their wife if she disrespected her in-laws, neglected her home or even children, went out with no telling him, declined sex or did not cook properly.

No happily ever after

Although India outlawed dowries in 1961, the particular centuries-old tradition from the bride’s family gifting cash, gold as well as other expensive items to the particular groom’s family continues to be rampant.

According to a recent World Bank study , dowry was compensated in 95% associated with marriages in countryside India.

Campaigners say new brides tend to be harassed for not getting sufficient dowry plus thousands are wiped out by their husbands and in-laws every year.

Most are burnt to death and the killers are passed off as “kitchen accidents”.

Dowry deaths

Within 1983, India introduced a tough new legislation – Section 498A – to control dowry deaths, but thousands of brides continue being murdered every year.

This past year, police recorded 6, 795 dowry fatalities – or typically, one every seventy seven minutes.

The particular numbers are a ten. 92% improvement over 2016 when police registered 7, 628 dowry deaths.

Data model and graphics by BBC’s Shadab Nazmi

Presentational grey line

Read more India stories from the BBC:

Presentational grey line